Recently, the European Commission identified open access to research results as an essential element to boost Europe’s innovation capacity. Consequently, the European Commission announced that it will make open access to scientific publications a general principle of Horizon 2020. Hence, in Horizon 2020, the articles produced will be:
- immediately made accessible online by the publisher ('Gold' open access) - up-front publication costs can be eligible for reimbursement by the European Commission; or
- made available through an open access repository no later than six months (12 months for articles in the fields of social sciences and humanities) after publication ('Green' open access).
According to a recent study, open access “represents 50% or more of scholarly journal articles published between 2008–2011 in Belgium, Brazil, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Ireland, Israel, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Switzerland, and the United States.”
The study therefore concludes that “these results either suggest that the proportion of peer-reviewed articles available in OA [open access] has been vastly underestimated or that the share of OA [open access] articles has grown significantly in recent years. Part of this growth could be retroactive, as journals progressively open their archived content and as researchers self-archive their work in OA [open access] repositories. However, growing awareness, new policies and infrastructure, as well as the growing credibility of OA [open access] journals and repositories, probably account for a larger part of OA [open access] growth.”
To read the European Commission announcement, please click here. For further information on the study, click here.
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