Within the broader goal to enable researchers, research institutions and businesses to better move, compete and co-operate across borders and as a complement to the European Commission's Communication to achieve a European Research Area (ERA), the EC itself has presented an initiative to promote access to, and preservation of, scientific information. This aims at promoting open access to research publications from EU-funded projects, as well as from nationally funded research.
Thanks to this new open access policy a broader and more rapid access to scientific papers and data will make it easier for researchers and businesses to build on the findings of public-funded research. This will boost Europe's innovation capacity and give citizens quicker access to the benefits of scientific discoveries. In this way, it will give Europe a better return on its annual €87 billion investment in R&D.
As a first step, the Commission will make open access to scientific publications a general principle of Horizon 2020. As of 2014, all articles produced with funding from Horizon 2020 will have to be accessible.
The Commission has also recommended that Member States take a similar approach to the results of research funded under their own domestic programmes. The goal is for 60% of European publicly-funded research articles to be available under open access by 2016.
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