Costs  related  to  the  protection  of  the  actions  results (e.g.  consulting  fees, fees  paid  to  the  patent  office  for  patent  registration) and to royalties paid for IPR access rights are  normally  eligible,  if  all  the  eligibility  conditions  are  met, in particular, if such costs incurred during the action;

·         are necessary  for  the  implementation  of the action;

·         are reasonable, justified and complying with the principle of sound financial management, in particular regarding economy and efficiency.

The European Union in Horizon 2020 projects may contribute to a maximum of 100% of the total costs of activities concerning protection, dissemination and management of IPR.

Costs  related  to  protection  of  other  intellectual  property (e.g.  background patents) are NOT eligible.

It is strongly recommended that if there is doubt about the eligibility, the beneficiaries should contact the Commission/Executive Agency.