The Unified Patent Court will be a common patent court for the 25 Member States that have signed the Agreement on the Unified Patent Court. This Agreement is still undergoing a process of ratification by the contracting Member States and therefore the Court will start to examine cases only when it enters into force.

The European Patent Court will have exclusive competence in respect of actions of infringement, declarations of non-infringement of patents (classical European patents and European patents with unitary effect) and supplementary protection certificates, revocations of patents and declarations of invalidity of supplementary protection certificates, actions for provisional and protective measures and injunctions.

The UPC will not have competence with regard to national patents or supplementary protection certificates granted for a national patent.