In FP7 Euratom there are two associated specific programmes; one in the fields of fusion energy research and nuclear fission and radiation protection, the other in the nuclear field undertaken by the Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC). The JRC has become a leading institute of nuclear research in Europe.

FP7 Euratom aims to address the major issues and challenges in nuclear research and to contribute to the further consolidation of the European Research Area (ERA) in the nuclear energy sector.