Text and data mining (TDM) is an important technique for analysing and extracting new insights and knowledge from the exponentially increasing store of digital data (‘Big Data’). It is important to understand the extent to which the EU’s current legal framework encourages or obstructs this new form of research and to assess the scale of the economic issues at stake.
TDM represents a significant economic opportunity for Europe. At present, the use of TDM tools by researchers in Europe appears to be lower than in its main competitors. In the legal issues section a description is offered of the application of different intellectual property laws and the extent to which TDM in Europe is facilitated by any existing exceptions to either EU copyright or database law. The application of a copyright and database exception relating to teaching or scientific research is optional and has not been implemented at all in some Member States. This has contributed to uncertainty in the European scientific research community.
There is a serious risk that Europe’s relative competitive position as a research location for the exploitation of digital data will deteriorate further, if steps are not taken to address the issues discussed in this report prepared for the EC Directorate-General for Research and Innovation by a Group of Experts.
The full report is available here.
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