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Defining the existing knowledge, i.e. the “background information”, of the partners has a direct effect on the successful exploitation of the results in Horizon 2020 projects.

Being aware of the importance of this issue, we have developed this Fact Sheet to provide information about the management of background information with an accent on "how to define background" within Horizon 2020 projects through different examples.

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This document, developed in collaboration with CEN (the European Committee for Standardization) and CENELEC (the European Committee for Electro-technical Standardization), seeks to improve the mutual awareness and collaboration between standardisation and the research communities. While doing so, this fact sheet focuses on an aspect that is close to the researcher's heart: can they participate in and contribute to standardisation without losing the opportunity to exploit their research outcomes through other channels?

There are many reasons why SMEs, universities, research centres and other entities participate in the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7). The creation of results within R&D projects (i.e. foreground) is certainly one of them, since such results might help these organisations to grow their business, go international or perform further research. The purpose of this fact sheet is to give an overview of the rules concerning foreground in FP7 projects. Potential scenarios and practical hints are also provided to help you in the daily management of your projects.

Negotiating intellectual property (IP) transactions is not an easy task and can be extremely demanding. In order to avoid common missteps, there are some considerations that any person negotiating IP assets should bear in mind. This fact sheet aims to focus on some of the key aspects related to IP asset negotiations, mainly at transnational level, where the negotiating parties’ objectives are broader, given the breadth of the marketplace. Although all the aspects tackled in this document are generally considered crucial when negotiating any IP transaction, they should nevertheless pertain to the type of agreement you are dealing with and address the transaction specific issues.

This fact sheet aims to clarify when and why to use this type of agreement, as well as the meaning of the key provisions commonly used. Examples of non-disclosure agreements are also provided at the end of the fact sheet to assist you in case you are drafting your own contract. If you are an SME, a researcher or work at a University you will also find in this fact sheet several practical hints addressing your own specific problems.

The CA is usually divided into three main parts that respectively include preliminary clauses, central clauses and final clauses. The objective of this fact sheet is to focus on the central part, more specifically on the provisions regarding the management of Intellectual Property (IP). An overview of the relevant IP rules to be included in a CA is thus outlined with the purpose of providing a checklist of the matters to be dealt with by consortia when drafting it.

This fact sheet aim is to highlight the IP-related issues consortia need to consider during the negotiations with the European Commission, which are encompassed in two main agreements: the Consortium Agreement and the Grant Agreement.

The "research for the benefit of SMEs" programme has been set up by the European Commission within the Capacities programme under the FP7. The purpose of this support is to help SMEs outsource research and extend their international network. It also aims at increasing their research efforts and better exploiting research results. Accordingly, the Intellectual Property regime slightly differs from the common FP7 rules on IP. The main purpose of the present fact sheet is thus to highlight the IP rules specific to these actions.

These events are an easy, cheap and quick way for companies’ representatives to develop business partnership and mainly to commercially exploit their intellectual property assets. Yet, such events may present some risks connected to IP that all participants should be aware of. The document aims at bringing forward some of the fundamental aspects which any company should take into consideration, to avoid possible drawbacks so as to successfully participate in brokerage events.

This fact sheet provides a practical overview of the Intellectual Property (IP) rules applicable in the Ambient Assisted Living Joint Programme (AAL JP). The main activity under the AAL Joint Programme is the funding of R&D and Innovation projects to contribute to the attainment of the AAL Association’s main goal, which is to improve the quality of life, autonomy, participation in social life, skills and employability of older people. The aim of this fact sheet is to explain where the IP rules may be found and the terminology commonly used within the AAL funding schemes. IPR issues can indeed affect both the way a project is conducted and any exploitation of final results.

Conducting patent searches is very useful for several purposes, not only for organizations such as SMEs and universities, but also for researchers. However, in order to perform good and useful searches, it is essential to understand the structure of patent information, whatever form it can take (full text or bibliographic) as well as where and how to use the search tools available - elements that we also will present in this fact sheet. The aim of this fact sheet is thus to present you this complex tool in a user-friendly fashion.