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Plant breeding is protracted and expensive and the resulting plant varieties can be easily and quickly reproduced by others by means of simple multiplication of plant material. Therefore, in order to reap the benefits of their scientific efforts and the related economic investment, plant breeders can opt for IP protection on their products.

This Fact Sheet aims at illustrating the importance of plant variety protection by providing an overview of the plant variety right system and focusing on the protection at EU level.

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The scope of this document is to outline the main IP-related issues that participants in Marie Curie Actions should consider in the different stages of their projects. The specific rules of the grant agreement related to IP are explained, as well as the content of other agreements commonly used in Marie Curie Actions. Yet, potential participants in these projects should be aware that Marie Curie Actions follow, with a few exceptions, the main FP7 IP-related rules. Thus, we strongly encourage reading our fact sheets on IP management in FP7 projects before this new one.

This fact sheet has the aim of pointing out the importance of confidentiality for businesses and give hints on protection management of confidential business information, which could prove beneficial in particular to small and micro entities. Such information can certainly have a great commercial value and significant importance for the company concerned and its uncontrolled disclosure might potentially lead to serious consequences. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in particular may not be aware of this risk and thus of the importance of keeping this valuable information “confidential”.

This document, developed in collaboration with CEN (the European Committee for Standardization) and CENELEC (the European Committee for Electro-technical Standardization), seeks to improve the mutual awareness and collaboration between standardisation and the research communities. While doing so, this fact sheet focuses on an aspect that is close to the researcher's heart: can they participate in and contribute to standardisation without losing the opportunity to exploit their research outcomes through other channels?

There are many reasons why SMEs, universities, research centres and other entities participate in the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7). The creation of results within R&D projects (i.e. foreground) is certainly one of them, since such results might help these organisations to grow their business, go international or perform further research. The purpose of this fact sheet is to give an overview of the rules concerning foreground in FP7 projects. Potential scenarios and practical hints are also provided to help you in the daily management of your projects.

Negotiating intellectual property (IP) transactions is not an easy task and can be extremely demanding. In order to avoid common missteps, there are some considerations that any person negotiating IP assets should bear in mind. This fact sheet aims to focus on some of the key aspects related to IP asset negotiations, mainly at transnational level, where the negotiating parties’ objectives are broader, given the breadth of the marketplace. Although all the aspects tackled in this document are generally considered crucial when negotiating any IP transaction, they should nevertheless pertain to the type of agreement you are dealing with and address the transaction specific issues.

This fact sheet aims to clarify when and why to use this type of agreement, as well as the meaning of the key provisions commonly used. Examples of non-disclosure agreements are also provided at the end of the fact sheet to assist you in case you are drafting your own contract. If you are an SME, a researcher or work at a University you will also find in this fact sheet several practical hints addressing your own specific problems.

The CA is usually divided into three main parts that respectively include preliminary clauses, central clauses and final clauses. The objective of this fact sheet is to focus on the central part, more specifically on the provisions regarding the management of Intellectual Property (IP). An overview of the relevant IP rules to be included in a CA is thus outlined with the purpose of providing a checklist of the matters to be dealt with by consortia when drafting it.

This fact sheet aim is to highlight the IP-related issues consortia need to consider during the negotiations with the European Commission, which are encompassed in two main agreements: the Consortium Agreement and the Grant Agreement.

The "research for the benefit of SMEs" programme has been set up by the European Commission within the Capacities programme under the FP7. The purpose of this support is to help SMEs outsource research and extend their international network. It also aims at increasing their research efforts and better exploiting research results. Accordingly, the Intellectual Property regime slightly differs from the common FP7 rules on IP. The main purpose of the present fact sheet is thus to highlight the IP rules specific to these actions.

These events are an easy, cheap and quick way for companies’ representatives to develop business partnership and mainly to commercially exploit their intellectual property assets. Yet, such events may present some risks connected to IP that all participants should be aware of. The document aims at bringing forward some of the fundamental aspects which any company should take into consideration, to avoid possible drawbacks so as to successfully participate in brokerage events.