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Plant breeding is protracted and expensive and the resulting plant varieties can be easily and quickly reproduced by others by means of simple multiplication of plant material. Therefore, in order to reap the benefits of their scientific efforts and the related economic investment, plant breeders can opt for IP protection on their products.

This Fact Sheet aims at illustrating the importance of plant variety protection by providing an overview of the plant variety right system and focusing on the protection at EU level.

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This fact sheet identifies the key factors to create a well-conceived spin-off company with a main emphasis on the IP-related aspects that can contribute to its success. Spin-off is considered as a common practice in Universities and Research Organisations (ROs), in order for them to exploit and maximise the economic benefits of the knowledge created, as often these organisations lack the required capabilities to market their intangibles.

This booklet is a follow-up to the “Commercialising IP” series, providing an introduction to the forms of commercialisation that can be useful for people involved in exploitation of intangible assets. This particular fact sheet aims to clarify when licence agreements should be used. Moreover, in this document we highlight the key provisions seen in most licensing agreements, as well as the specifics of licensing certain types of intellectual property rights.

This fact sheet aims to clarify the ownership, inventorship and authorship concepts by explaining the different characteristics and shedding some light on the way they should be dealt with in order for any person involved in the creation of intangibles to properly identify them and avoid encountering serious problems.

Participants in FP7 projects are encouraged to deal with Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) since the beginning of the preparation of their proposals. As in any collaborative research and development projects, the Intellectual Property (IP) brought by each participant to the project is an important issue to tackle.

The present fact sheet focuses on joint ventures (JV) and will put forward some practical and legal issues, mainly from the perspective of the ownership and exploitation of IP, to be considered at all stages of these projects. It tries to point out that if organisations anticipated and properly managed most of the legal risks, they would be able to maximise the financial gains that such settlements are aimed at.

This fact sheet outlines the purpose and scope of the plan for the use and dissemination of foreground (PUDF). Practical hints and best practices will be provided whenever possible, but keep in mind that there are no two similar PUDFs in FP7 - each PUDF must be tailored to each project.

Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Mechanisms include several procedures that allow parties to resolve their disputes out of court in a private forum, with the assistance of a qualified neutral intermediary of their choice. ADR procedures are offered by different arbitral institutions. The following fact sheet, issued in collaboration with the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) Arbitration and Mediation Center, provides an overview of WIPO ADR mechanisms, principles, advantages and case examples to assist SMEs, universities, research centres, researchers and others in making a considered choice on how to resolve future or existing disputes when drafting contract clauses and submission agreements. 

Intellectual Property (IP) and its proper management are essential for the success of the projects funded through the Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme (CIP) and for the exploitation of results created within these projects. Thus, this fact sheet aims to provide the main rules on IP and Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) applicable in CIP, which all applicants and beneficiaries should be familiar with. The main issues to be considered during the different stages of the project’s life-cycle are also outlined to allow an overview of the required tasks for an efficient management of IP.

A newly updated fact sheet on trade mark search has been published in collaboration with the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO). EUIPO, as the official trade marks and designs office of the European Union registers the European Union Trade Mark (EUTM) and registered Community design (RCD). To know more about trade mark searches and how to perform them download this newly updated fact sheet!

The knowledge of this intricate topic is fundamental for organizations having the purpose to acquire IP, raising capital and seeking financial assistance. Although IP due diligence is a precondition for any capital investment, it can be helpful for enforcing IP rights and reducing the IP-related costs as well. In a few words, IP due diligence can be considered as an essential process when developing an IP strategy. This fact sheet has the scope of illustrating when, why and how to conduct IP due diligence mainly from an SME perspective, in order to increase its marketability. Nevertheless its content is suitable for investigations carried out by any organisation, such as public and private RTOs (Research and Technology Organisations) and universities.