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Plant breeding is protracted and expensive and the resulting plant varieties can be easily and quickly reproduced by others by means of simple multiplication of plant material. Therefore, in order to reap the benefits of their scientific efforts and the related economic investment, plant breeders can opt for IP protection on their products.

This Fact Sheet aims at illustrating the importance of plant variety protection by providing an overview of the plant variety right system and focusing on the protection at EU level.

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Medical devices have become increasingly important in society given their impact on the health sector and also in the economy.

The aim of this fact sheet is to point out that in order to enforce IP rights it is vital that organisations be aware of the intangible assets they own and take steps to protect and properly manage them. In so doing, organisations having IP as an underlying business asset will be less susceptible to IP abuses. Should an IP right infringement occur it is suggested that alternative mechanisms to resolve disputes are explored and that, only when this is not a viable solution, you enforce your rights through legal proceedings.

A growing number of European SMEs are going online, by launching and maintaining business websites, often even providing their clients with the possibility to buy products online. As a central company asset, websites should be protected and well managed. Intellectual property is in this regard crucial, since there will be a number of intellectual property rights which exist in your website.

This fact sheet aims at giving a brief overview of the different forms of intellectual property that can be relevant in biotechnology and focuses more specifically on patents, the role of biotechnology in innovation in Europe and how to use patent information for innovation indicators.

All projects receiving Horizon 2020 funding will have the obligation to make sure any peer-reviewed journal article which they publish is openly accessible, free of charge. This fact sheet is written as a frequently asked questions (FAQ) document, in order to answer queries received from Horizon 2020 applicants. This fact sheet should be read in parallel with the “Guidelines on Open Access to Scientific Publications and Research Data in Horizon 2020”.

This final fact sheet of our Horizon 2020 series highlights the steps you need to follow to pave the way for the exploitation and dissemination of the intellectual property generated during the implementation of your project.

This fact sheet gives guidance on the central IP issues which consortia need to consider during the grant preparation stage, which are encompassed in two main agreements underpinning the contractual framework of EU-funded projects: the Grant agreement and the Consortium Agreement. The grant preparation stage is extremely important since the main commitments concerning IP are agreed upon in this phase between the consortium and the European Commission, and among consortium partners.

This fact sheets intends to assist applicants in Horizon 2020 with the management of intellectual property in the proposal stage of their project. Even though Horizon 2020 research and innovation activities are implemented through different forms of funding, particularly grants, prizes, procurement and financial instruments, this fact sheets deals solely with grants. This fact sheet is the first of a series of three fact sheets dealing with the management of intellectual property in the different stages of a Horizon 2020 project.

This fact sheet has the aim to present tools, tips and practices for public research organisations (PROs) to convert the knowledge resulting from publicly funded research activities into socio-economic benefits. Through direct commercialisation tools and via public/private partnership the dissemination and transfer of the generated knowledge to the market can be ensured, with the objective of creating products and services to enhance social welfare.

This fact sheet deals with franchising. Franchising has been increasingly used by European companies and individuals as a route for exploitation of intangibles and expansion of their business to other territories and countries. This fact sheet will help understand what franchising is and particularly why it is an attractive business option, both for Franchisor Franchisee. Moreover, information on the legal environment in Europe and a checklist of the main steps to take when establishing a franchising partnership are provided in this document.