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Defining the existing knowledge, i.e. the “background information”, of the partners has a direct effect on the successful exploitation of the results in Horizon 2020 projects.

Being aware of the importance of this issue, we have developed this Fact Sheet to provide information about the management of background information with an accent on "how to define background" within Horizon 2020 projects through different examples.

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A growing number of European SMEs are going online, by launching and maintaining business websites, often even providing their clients with the possibility to buy products online. As a central company asset, websites should be protected and well managed. Intellectual property is in this regard crucial, since there will be a number of intellectual property rights which exist in your website.

This fact sheet aims at giving a brief overview of the different forms of intellectual property that can be relevant in biotechnology and focuses more specifically on patents, the role of biotechnology in innovation in Europe and how to use patent information for innovation indicators.

All projects receiving Horizon 2020 funding will have the obligation to make sure any peer-reviewed journal article which they publish is openly accessible, free of charge. This fact sheet is written as a frequently asked questions (FAQ) document, in order to answer queries received from Horizon 2020 applicants. This fact sheet should be read in parallel with the “Guidelines on Open Access to Scientific Publications and Research Data in Horizon 2020”.

This final fact sheet of our Horizon 2020 series highlights the steps you need to follow to pave the way for the exploitation and dissemination of the intellectual property generated during the implementation of your project.

This fact sheet gives guidance on the central IP issues which consortia need to consider during the grant preparation stage, which are encompassed in two main agreements underpinning the contractual framework of EU-funded projects: the Grant agreement and the Consortium Agreement. The grant preparation stage is extremely important since the main commitments concerning IP are agreed upon in this phase between the consortium and the European Commission, and among consortium partners.

This fact sheets intends to assist applicants in Horizon 2020 with the management of intellectual property in the proposal stage of their project. Even though Horizon 2020 research and innovation activities are implemented through different forms of funding, particularly grants, prizes, procurement and financial instruments, this fact sheets deals solely with grants. This fact sheet is the first of a series of three fact sheets dealing with the management of intellectual property in the different stages of a Horizon 2020 project.

This fact sheet has the aim to present tools, tips and practices for public research organisations (PROs) to convert the knowledge resulting from publicly funded research activities into socio-economic benefits. Through direct commercialisation tools and via public/private partnership the dissemination and transfer of the generated knowledge to the market can be ensured, with the objective of creating products and services to enhance social welfare.

This fact sheet deals with franchising. Franchising has been increasingly used by European companies and individuals as a route for exploitation of intangibles and expansion of their business to other territories and countries. This fact sheet will help understand what franchising is and particularly why it is an attractive business option, both for Franchisor Franchisee. Moreover, information on the legal environment in Europe and a checklist of the main steps to take when establishing a franchising partnership are provided in this document.

This fact sheet gives an overview of the different means at the disposal of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) and research organisations (ROs) to access finance, in order to obtain liquidity from their intangible. The aim is to show that IP can be used as leverage for attracting investors, as collateral for obtaining credit and loans as well as receivables for securitisations. All of this can derive from banks, equity investors and the public sector.

Experts reckon that much of the technical information contained in patents is not available anywhere else, and that it contains around 80% of the worldwide technical knowledge. However, patent information analysis is not easy: patent documents are abundant, lengthy and are written in very technical language. Thus, reading and analysing patent documents can be complex and time consuming. This is where the use of Automatic Patent Analysis (APA) can help. This fact sheet provides some useful tools and explains how to perform an APA.