What is a well-known trade mark?

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The wording of the Article 6bis of the Paris Convention and(or) Art. 16(2) of the TRIPS Agreement as well as the Article 4(2)(d)of the Trade Mark Directive refers to a well-known mark. Well-known marks are usually protected irrespective of the fact as to whether they are registered or not. Furthermore, they are protected for goods and/or services which are identical with, or similar to, those for which they have gained their reputation if there is a likelihood of confusion in the relevant sector of the public. In some countries they are also, under certain conditions, protected for dissimilar goods and services.